HeathA lowland area dominated by heather, with scattered trees and bushes, notably gorse, and having an acid, infertile soil. Good examples are the sandy heaths of southern and eastern England (including the 'brecks' of south-west Norfolk and north-west Suffolk), although these have been much reduced by reclamation for agriculture and by afforestation with coniferous trees. Typical heathland breeding birds include the Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis and the Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella, while a few southern heaths still have breeding Dartford Warblers Sylvia undata.
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From Peter Weaver's Birdwatcher's Dictionary
Copyright © 1981 by Peter Weaver