ResidentA species of which examples can be found in a particular area at any time of the year, although they may not be the same individuals, as few birds are completely sedentary. Mostly, a resident species will also be a partial migrant, either a summer visitor, winter visitor or passage migrant, or even all of these, as in the case of the Lapwing Vanellus vanellus or the Linnet Carduelis cannabina. Examples of species which are almost entirely resident are the Wren Troglodytes troglodytes and the Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula.
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From Peter Weaver's Birdwatcher's Dictionary
Copyright © 1981 by Peter Weaver