ConservationThe maintenance of a balance between the natural resources of the earth and man's use of them. Bird conservation is inseparable from nature conservation in general, in which the principles of ecology are applied in attempting to ensure that wild plants and animals are not adversely affected by human activities. The most fundamental need is the conservation of the various habitat types, and in practice nature conservation consists largely of efforts to protect vulnerable habitats, particularly by the use of the nature reserve. The chief British bird conservation agency is the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, whose functions in the Republic of Ireland are the responsibility of the Irish Wildbird Conservancy.
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From Peter Weaver's Birdwatcher's Dictionary
Copyright © 1981 by Peter Weaver